NEW YORK: Patients with diabetes suffering from extremely high blood pressure (BP) could be at risk of organ damage due to hypertensive emergencies such as stroke, chest pain and heart failure, finds a study.
The study showed that acute or worsening heart failure was the most frequent target organ injury (49.6 per cent) followed by non-ST elevation myocardial infarction — type of heart attack (41.7 per cent).
Diabetic and non-diabetic patients had similar rates of target organ injuries.
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While being active, staying hydrated, and checking blood glucose levels can work wonders, it is important to stick to a dietary plan that will ward off diabetes in the long run. A recent study showed that antioxidant-rich walnuts can nearly halve the risk of developing Type-2 diabetes. For patients, the ideal diabetic diet plan would be to have 1200-1600 calories per day. It is recommended that diabetics should eat good carbs, fats, and healthy proteins, but in small portions. ETPanache got in touch with doctors and dieticians to get you the ultimate list of foods you must consume to stay healthy. Also read: The comprehensive diabetes guide
“Our study found that both diabetics and non-diabetics with hypertensive emergencies had similar rates of severe injury to target organs,” said Irina Benenson, Assistant Professor at the Rutgers University in the US.
“Combined with the fact that diabetics with hypertensive emergency also had significantly higher levels of blood pressure, this suggests that the occurrence of severe damage to vital organs is not because of just diabetes but because of the accompanying severely elevated blood pressure” Benenson added.
For the study, the team included 783 diabetics and 1,001 non-diabetic patients from African-American communities.
The risk of high BP in diabetics was significantly higher in those with cardiovascular conditions, kidney disease and anemia, and that having medical insurance and access to a healthcare provider did not lessen complications of severely elevated blood pressure, according to the research.
The study found that extremely high BP is responsible for severe life-threatening impairment of one or more organ systems especially to the brain and kidneys.
It also increased the risk of cardiovascular disease in diabetic patients by 57 per cent.
The most effective way to prevent life-threatening complications of extreme hypertension among patients with diabetes is to better control their BP.
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