Life insurance provides a financial safety net for families. Sounds simple, but decisions over whether and how much to buy can get complicated, and mistakes can be costly.
Here are common mistakes financial planners see:
āIf thereās no one else depending on your income, you probably donāt need much or any at all,ā says Alyssa Lum, certified financial planner and founder of Luminate Financial Planning in Sterling, Virginia.
But those with young children will need a lot. For breadwinners, a rule of thumb is at least seven times your annual salary, plus money to pay off debt and fund college. āThose dollars really add up,ā Lum says.
Stay-at-home parents donāt need as much, but should have some coverage, says Greg Klingler, a certified financial planner and director of wealth management for the Government Employeesā Benefits Association. Buy enough to cover child care and other services that the stay-at-home parent provides.
There are two main types of life insurance: term and permanent.
Term life is the best choice for most families, Klingler says, because āmost people are going to have a finite need.ā Term life can cover you while the kids are growing up or youāre paying off debt, such as a mortgage. Ideally, at the end of the term, you donāt need life insurance anymore.
Yet some people get talked into permanent policies when they all they need is term life, says Jason Speciner, a certified financial planner in Fort Collins, Colorado. Building cash value inside a policy can sound appealing, but fees and the agentās commission eat away at returns. Instead of pouring money into a permanent policy, max out savings in tax-advantaged retirement accounts. If thereās money left over for long-term investing, a low-cost index fund will probably produce better returns than life insurance, he says.
āIn most cases the old saying, ābuy term and invest the difference,ā makes sense,ā Speciner says.
Permanent life insurance can be an important estate planning tool for those who have a lifelong financial dependent, such as a child with special needs, or whose estate is big enough to incur taxes for heirs. (Only estates over $11.18 million for an individual and $22.36 million for a couple are subject to federal estate taxes in 2018.)
Itās easier to put off buying life insurance than think about how your death would affect others. āBut thatās a pretty risky gamble, especially if you have small kids,ā says Michael Kelley, a certified financial planner in Cleveland, Ohio.
Worried about the cost? It might be cheaper than you think. Most consumers overestimate the price of term life insurance by more than three times, according to a 2018 study by industry groups Life Happens and LIMRA. The study was based on a survey of about 2,000 adults who are household financial decision-makers. The actual cost of a 20-year, $250,000 term life policy for a healthy, 30-year-old nonsmoker is about $160 a year, the study says.
Compare quotes from at least a few companies to find the best rates.
Life insurance benefits through work probably arenāt enough for those who have a family depending on their income, Speciner says.
That coverage is typically one to two times your annual salary ā not enough to sustain a family after the loss of a breadwinner. Another drawback: The coverage usually ends when an employee leaves the company.
Buy your own policy if you need life insurance, and consider the free benefits from work a bonus.
This article was written by NerdWallet and was originally published by The Associated Press.Ā